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The Seeds of Promise Devotional Series

Dinah: Defiled & Avenged

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10th Genesis Chapter 34 Dinah: Defiled & Avenged

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Devotional Reading: Genesis 34

1 Now Dinah daughter of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob, went out [unattended] to see the girls of the place. And when Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he seized her, lay with her, and humbled, defiled, and disgraced her. But his soul longed for and clung to Dinah daughter of Jacob, and he loved the girl and spoke comfortingly to her young heart’s wishes. And Shechem said to his father Hamor, Get me this girl to be my wife. Jacob heard that [Shechem] had defiled Dinah his daughter. Now his sons were with his livestock in the field. So Jacob held his peace until they came. But Hamor father of Shechem went out to Jacob to have a talk with him.

When Jacob’s sons heard it, they came from the field; and they were distressed and grieved and very angry, for [Shechem] had done a vile thing to Israel in lying with Jacob’s daughter, which ought not to be done. And Hamor conferred with them, saying, The soul of my son Shechem craves your daughter [and sister]. I beg of you give her to him to be his wife. And make marriages with us and give your daughters to us and take our daughters to you. 10 You shall dwell with us; the country will be open to you; live and trade and get your possessions in it. 11 And Shechem said to [Dinah’s] father and to her brothers, Let me find favor in your eyes, and I will give you whatever you ask of me. 12 Ask me ever so much dowry and [marriage] gift, and I will give according to what you tell me; only give me the girl to be my wife.

13 The sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, [justifying their intended action by saying, in effect, we are going to do this] because Shechem had defiled and disgraced their sister Dinah. 14 They said to them, We cannot do this thing and give our sister to one who is not circumcised, for that would be a reproach and disgrace to us. 15 But we do consent to do this: if you will become as we are and every male among you be circumcised, 16 Then we will give our daughters to you and we will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you and become one people. 17 But if you will not listen to us and consent to be circumcised, then we will take our daughter and go. 18 Their words pleased Hamor and his son Shechem.

19 And the young man did not delay to do the thing, for he delighted in Jacob’s daughter. He was honored above all his family [so, ranking first, he acted first]. 20 Then Hamor and Shechem his son came to the gate of their [enclosed] town and discussed the matter with the citizens, saying, 21 These men are peaceable with us; so let them dwell in the land and trade in it; for the land is large enough [for us and] for them; let us take their daughters for wives and let us give them our daughters. 22 But the men will consent to our request that they live among us and be one people only on condition that every male among us be circumcised, as they are. 23 Shall not their cattle and their possessions and all their beasts be ours? Only let us consent to them, and they will dwell here with us. 24 And all the people who went out of the town gate listened and heeded what Hamor and Shechem said; and every male was circumcised who was a resident of that town.

25 But on the third day [after the circumcision] when [all the men] were sore, two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s [full] brothers, took their swords, boldly entered the city [without danger], and slew all the males. 26 And they killed Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword and took Dinah out of Shechem’s house [where she had been all this time] and departed. 27 [Then the rest of] Jacob’s [eleven] sons came upon the slain and plundered the town, because there their sister had been defiled and disgraced. 28 They took their flocks, their herds, their donkeys, and whatever was in the town and in the field; 29 All their wealth and all their little ones and their wives they took captive, making spoil even of all [they found] in the houses. 30 And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, You have ruined me, making me infamous and embroil ing me with the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites and the Perizzites! And we are few in number, and they will gather together against me and attack me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my household. 31 And they said, Should he [be permitted to] deal with our sister as with a harlot?

Dinah ventured out unsupervised and without accompaniment. Subsequently, she was raped by a Prince of the region. Although he created a soul tie with her and loved Dinah, his actions were in the wrong order. He should first have spoken with his father and they have asked for Dinah in marriage from her father, Jacob, which was the custom at that time. When Jacob found out, he waited for and told of the matter to Dinah’s brothers. These brothers conspired to kill Shechem (who had lain with Dinah) and all the men of his house. Dinah’s brothers required circumcision of the house of Shechem as was a true matter of covenenat with the house of Jacob. However, they truly only intended this rite to weaken the men of Shechem’s house in order that the brothers killed all the men as they were healing from the cutting and took the women and children of that house and spoiled their possessions in taking them as plunder.

Dinah’s brothers “defended he honor,” but made the house of Jacob a reproach amongst all the surrounding peoples. Thereafter, the LORD told Jacob to take his family and go to another place, where Jacob had seen a vision afar off and God answered him in his distress. There in Bethel, Jacob was to build an alter unto the LORD. As Jacob and all his house went up to Bethel and Jacob offered a burnt offering, Rachael went into hard labor and died in childbirth, bearing Benjamin (“son of the right hand” as Jacob called him, for Rachel had spoken Ben-oni (son of my sorrow)). Jacob set up a pillar at Rachel’s burial place.

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